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Kabaddi – Interesting Journey To Pro Kabaddi League

by True Blue Tribune
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Kabaddi – Introduction

Kabaddi is known a combative Indian-origin sport. The core idea of the game is to score points by raiding into the opponent’s court and touching as many defensive players as possible without getting caught on a single breath.

Pro Kabaddi In India

The origin of the game is considered to pre-historic times and was played in different forms. The modern Kabaddi game was played all over India and some parts of South Asia from 1930.

The first known framework of the rules of Kabaddi as an indigenous sport of India was prepared in Maharashtra in the year 1921 for Kabaddi competitions on the pattern of Sanjeevani and Gemini in a combined form.

Kabaddi is the national game of Bangladesh.

Thereafter a committee was constituted in the year 1923, which amended the rules framed in 1921. The amended rules were applied during the All India Kabaddi Tournament organized in 1923.

Interesting Facts: It is one of the most popular sports in India, played mainly among people in villages. Now, due to it’s popularity, it is played around the world. With seven World Cup titles and as many Asian Games gold medals, the Indian men’s national team is at the pinnacle of the sport.

kabaddi
  • It is one of the oldest games played around the world. It is believed that kabaddi is in existence for around 4000 years.
  • The word ‘Kabaddi’ has come from a Tamil word, Kai-pidi, which means ‘holding hands’.
  • It is declared as the state game of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Punjab.
  • Kabaddi has been first introduced to the world in Berlin Olympics (1936).
  • It basically have seven players on each side.
  • This game is played for a period of 40 minutes with a 5 minutes break (20-5-20).
  • There are two popular formats – the ‘International Rules Kabaddi’ and the ‘Circle-style Kabaddi’.
  • Star Sports Pro Kabaddi League is the modern avatar of this sport, and it is extremely popular among youths. Pro Kabaddi League has 26 foreigners from 13 countries participating in it.

Kabaddi – Rules and more

One player, chanting Kabaddi!!! Kabaddi!!!! Kabaddi!!!! Charges into the opponent’s court and try to touch the opponent closest to him, while the seven other opponents make maneuvers to catch the attacker player. This is an extreme sport, the match of one against seven, known as the game of struggle and strength.

The players on the defensive side are called “Antis” while the player of the offence are called the “Raider”. The attack is known as a ‘Raid’. The antis touched by the raider during the attack are declared ‘out’ if they do not succeed in catching the raider before he returns home court.

These ‘out’ players can resume play only when their side scores points against the opposite side during their raiding turn or if the remaining players succeed in catching the opponent’s raider.

All India Kabaddi Federation

The All India Kabaddi Federation was formed in the year 1950 to look after the promotion of the game. The Senior National championship was started by this federation from the year 1952.

The new body, Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) came into existence from the year 1972 affiliated to Indian Olympic Association (IOA) with a view to popularize the game in India & neighboring countries of Asia.

After formation of AKFI, the game took a new shape and National level competitions started for Junior and Sub-junior boys & girls also. Mr. Justice (Retd.) S.P Garg is the current Administrator and President of Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India.

The 1st Asian Kabaddi Championship was held in the year 1980 and was included as a demonstration game in the 9th Asian Games, New Delhi in the year 1982.

First known framework of the rules of Kabaddi

 Prepared in Maharashtra in the year 1921 for Kabaddi competitions on the pattern of Sanjeevani and Gemini in a combined form.

A committee was constituted in the year 1923

This Committee amended the rules framed in 1921. The amended rules were applied during the All India Kabaddi Tournament organized in 1923.

Turning Point

Kabaddi has been first introduced to the world in Berlin Olympics (1936).

Formation of All India Kabaddi Federation

The All India Kabaddi Federation was formed in the year 1950 to look after the promotion of the game. The Senior National championship was started by this federation from the year 1952.

Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India

Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) came into existence in 1972 with a view to popularize the game in India & neighboring countries of Asia.

1st Asian Kabaddi Championship

  The 1st Asian Kabaddi Championship was held in the year 1980 and was included as a demonstration game in the 9th Asian Games, New Delhi in the year 1982.

South Asian Federation (SAF) games (1984)

  The game was included in the popular South Asian Federation (SAF) games from the year 1984 at Dhaka, Bangladesh. 

1st Kabaddi World Cup

  Organised in 2004 at Mumbai (India), India won the First World Cup by beating Iran in the finals.

First Asian Women Championship

  The First Asian Women Championship was held at Hyderabad in 2005 and India won the Gold Medal. 

Pro Kabaddi League

  Pro Kabaddi is a ground-breaking initiative for this sport which has revolutionized this game with stunning innovations, making it an aspirational sport for players and fans alike.

Indian Achievements In Kabaddi

The game was included in the popular South Asian Federation (SAF) games from the year 1984 at Dhaka, Bangladesh. The game was included as a discipline in the 11th Asian Games Beijing (1990) and India won the lone Gold Medal in the 11th Asian Games Beijing (1990).

India is the reigning champion in the succeeding Asian Games held in Hiroshima (1994), Bangkok (1998), and Busan (2002) & recently at Doha (2006) and created history in Indian sports by winning five consecutive Gold medals in the Asian Games so far.

1st World Cup Kabaddi was organised in 2004 at Mumbai (India), India won the First World Cup by beating Iran in the finals. The second World Cup was held Panvel (India) in 2007 and India once again became Champion.

The First Asian Women Championship was held at Hyderabad in 2005 and India won the Gold Medal. Women’s league was included for the first time in the South Asian Games held in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2006.

For the first time in the history of Asian Games a separate indoor stadium was built for this competition and training in the 15th Asian Games held in Doha [Qatar] in 2006.

The training/ warming up courts and main field of play was made up of puzzle mats of Korean make. The main field of play was equipped with a giant public screen, which displayed replays and the running score.

‘Tissot’ plasma scoreboards, info terminals for the presentation crew, the ceremony crew and the media were provided in this successful event.

The 15th Asian Games Doha provided an excellent opportunity to showcase this survival sport to the Europeans and Australians who were in great numbers in organizing the Asian Games. A good many spectators belonging to European countries, USA, Australia, Western Asia, and the Mediterranean countries, who saw the Game for the first time, were very impressed with the simple rules and the thrill of the sport and desired to introduce the sport in their countries.

This event has given this sport a very good and positive exposure for its future development in the continents of Europe, USA, Australia and Africa.

Kabaddi was included in the 2nd Asian Indoor games held at Macau from 25th October to 3rd November 2007. Once again India Won the Gold Medal. Kabaddi Men & Women both was included in the 1st Asian Beach Games being hosted by Indonesia in 2008 at Bali, India Won Both the Gold Medals of Men & Women Events.

There has been a gradual but significant change in the trends of the game since the past 50 years. What was once considered a game of brawn is not so now.

The introduction of mats, shoes, new techniques & changes in rules has made the sport more interesting and advantageous to skilled players who are now able to defeat heavier players with better skills & techniques.

The Launch Of Pro Kabaddi League

Pro Kabaddi is a ground-breaking initiative for this sport by Mashal Sports Pvt. Ltd and Star India Pvt. Ltd. Ever since its inception in 2014, The League has revolutionized this game with stunning innovations, making it an aspirational sport for players and fans alike.

pro kabaddi league

Backed by the Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI), and supported by participating members of the International Kabaddi Federation (IKF) and the Asian Kabaddi Federation (AKF), the league has witnessed tremendous growth over the past seven seasons.

Pro Kabaddi League has worked towards elevating this game to an international standard with new and exciting innovations in the rules and how the game is viewed, thus heralding in a new era for kabaddi.

This league has infused new life into the sport by bringing it to the major metropolitan cities of India along with regions where kabaddi was yet to gain a foothold. Pro Kabaddi now has unprecedented participation from various parts of the country owing to the outreach over the past seasons and the advent of new program pioneered by Mashal Sports to encourage young talent from across the country.

This ever popular is now also seen as a viable career option by various aspiring players in India and abroad.

The addition of four new teams in the fifth edition of the league made Pro Kabaddi India’s biggest sports league in terms of geographical representation and number of teams.

The new sides – Gujarat Fortune Giants, Haryana Steelers, Tamil Thalaivas and U.P. Yoddha made the competition all the more intense and the kabaddi all the more exciting.

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